The Technological Singularity is the point in the predicted near future when exponential growth in technology will allow artificial intelligence to exceed human intellectual capacity. It is best described as an intelligence explosion, and the possibilities are unfathomable.
The result of such an intelligence explosion would cause changes to life as we know it far beyond what is foreseeable at present levels of human intelligence.
Most recognised writers on the Technological Singularity, such as Vernor Vinge and Ray Kurzweil, define the concept in terms of the technological creation of super-intelligence. They argue that it is difficult or impossible for present-day humans to predict what human beings' lives will be like in a post-singularity world. Lev Grosman wrote:
Ray Kurzweil defined the Singularity as the time when the Law of Accelerating Returns has reached such an extreme pace that technological progress will be happening at a seemingly infinite pace, after which we will live in a new world.
Mathematician and author Vernor Vinge wrote an essay in 1993, in which he applied the term to the moment in the future when our technology’s intelligence exceeds our own. For him, it will be a moment when life as we know it will have changed forever and normal rules no longer apply.
The Singularity isn't a new idea. In 1965, British mathematician I.J. Good described something he called an "intelligence explosion":
In 1983, Vernor Vinge greatly popularised Good’s notion of an intelligence explosion:
In his gripping article, 2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal, Lev Grosman wrote:
Sources and further reading:
COPYRIGHT © 2015 Singularity Institute Africa